by TeacherLem Iglesias
Project Title: ‘How to Design a Superhero’
Target Class: Year 9 (13-15 years old)
Prerequisite Knowledge / Skills: Mind Mapping and Creating Thumbnails
For a better understanding of the topic, read this post first: CLICK THIS
3rd Meeting- PROJECT PERIOD: Scaling-Up and Colouring in Tonal Gradation
Approximate Time Required: 80 minutes
The third part of this four-part blog series is all about the PROJECT PERIOD. This is where the students produce the final result of the project based on the entire verbal and visual brainstorming lessons in our previous blog posts.
We started with the topic ARTIST INSPIRATION and introduced the students to the very influential illustrations of legendary comic book artist Jack Kirby.
Then we did MIND MAPPING as part of the brainstorming process to come up with original Superhero Names and Super Powers.
Afterwards, students looked for RESOURCES (existing superheroes that they like) in Google Images to give them visual ideas on how their Superhero creations might look like later.
And then of course, the ever-reliable creativity squeezer– the THUMBNAIL SKETCHES.
All of the above is the RESEARCH part of the art project, which could be visually arranged on an A3 paper or sketchpad page like this:
NOW, THIS WEEK’S LESSON
Introduction- The basic skills needed for this activity are *Scaling-Up and **Colouring in Tonal Gradation using Coloured Pencils.
*Scaling-Up is a very old art technique used to accurately enlarge a sketch or drawing into the required size and proportion. This is done by drawing grid lines on a preliminary sketch or visual resource. Here’s a quick Scaling Lesson LINK
**Tonal Gradation is a drawing and colouring technique used to show a gradual transition of colours or shades, usually from light to dark in relation to a light source. Here’s a quick Tonal-Shading Lesson LINK.
Scaling up- The students were given three A4 sized worksheets that shows three basic superhero body types: the lean-male superhero body (like Spiderman), the bulky-male body (like Superman) and the female figure (like Wonder Woman).
They were asked to scale up one of these sources into a cardboard paper measuring 15 cm x 35 cm.
Thumbnail Design to Final Drawing- Once they have done the scaled-up drawing, the challenge is to transfer their thumbnail costume design on to the scaled body type. We had a short discussion to recall the basic drawing approach when adding details on shapes and forms. They were reminded that each of the arms and legs are cylinders. So, each line that indicates the edge of a part of the costume should be a curved line. If you forget to bring this up with students, some of them will always draw a straight line when doing this part of the project, which is a no-no.
Colouring in Tonal Gradation- Once the final scaled-up drawing is done, students were instructed to colour their drawing with coloured pencils. They were also reminded to colour the design from light to dark based on a light source coming from either the left side of the figure or the right side.
Inking- The final procedure involves the inking of the lines of the drawing. They were shown samples from comic book pages to give them an idea on how the lines should look like. Here are the awesome results.
Next Saturday’s Post: The final part- 4th Meeting: EXHIBITION and SELF-EVALUATION.
- Superhero Designs by student-artists, Neen, Min and Sun from my Year-9L Class.
- Superhero Body Types – http://robertatkinsart.blogspot.com/2013_02_01_archive.html
- Albrecht Durer print – http://www.albrechtdurerblog.com/surprise-discovery-in-man-drawing-a-lute/
- Tonal Gradation sketch – http://pci-art9.wikispaces.com/
- Scaling Lesson Video by Taya Helena
- Tonal Gradation Video by Youtuber – tabletopmoviemaking